Oncorhynchus gilae (Apache Trout) is a species of bony fishes in the family Salmonidae. The Apache trout is the state fish of Arizona and is native to the headwaters of the Black, White and Little Colorado Rivers in the White Mountains of Arizona. The unique Apache trout is now returning to its native range (cold-water streams in the White Mountains of Arizona) after decades of cooperative protection and recovery efforts. O. apache can be distinguished from Gila trout (Oncorhynchus gilae), and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), by the absence of a red or pink lateral band on the body (Arizona Game and Fish Department, 2001). The White Mountain Apache tribe took the first critical steps to conserve the species in 1955 by closing fishing on reservation waters that contained any remaining native Apache trout populations. The maximum reported weight for Apache trout is 2.4 kg (5 lbs. This hybridization ability has greatly reduced the population of pure Apache trout, and it is the primary reason why the Apache trout … Threatened Apache trout (Oncorhynchus apache) habitat The Wallow fire burned through Soldier Springs Creek, which harbors a unique population of federally threatened Apache trout. SIZE: The common length for Apache trout is 25 cm (9.8 in) with the maximum reported length for Apache trout being 58 cm (22.8 in). Habitat. A 95% reduction in range has resulted from the Apache trout’s hybridization with the rainbow trout, brook trout and brown trout. They are one of only two trout species native to Arizona, the other being gila trout (Oncorhynchus gilae gilae). The Apache trout is native to the upper Salt River watershed (Black and White rivers) and the upper Little Colorado Riverwatershed. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. After fertilization by the male apache trout, the eggs are covered with gravel. It is listed as endangered by IUCN. Apache trout (Oncorhynchus apache, formerly described as Salmo apache with the common name Arizona trout) is one of two salmonid species native to Arizona (the other is Gila trout, O. gilae ), and is currently listed as threatened (Federal Register 1975). This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Habitat. Incubation of Apache trout eggs lasts for 5 to 6 weeks. These spots may or may not extend to the tail and dorsal fins of the fish. The Apache trout (Oncorhynchus gilae apache) once occupied approximately 600 miles of stream habitat in the upper Salt River, San Francisco River, and Little Colorado River watersheds of Arizona [1]. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Historic photos and accounts show early settlers harvesting hundreds of Apache trout in a single trip. Apache trout require clear, cold, gravel-bottomed streams and could not withstand these changes. It also has a distinct horizontal band of dark pigment across the iris (Bhnke, 1992). Apache trout have been introduced into isolated streams outside of their hist… They tend to congregate in rock or boulder pockets, where there are low hanging trees and drop-offs. Apache Trout live in water with a high content of dissolved oxygen. habitat and increased Apache trout production, condition and food resources. Once plentiful throughout the estimated 820 stream miles in the White Mountains, pure Apache trout declined in numbers and distribution, and were reduced to only 30 miles of stream habitat by the mid-1950s. An Apache trout recovery stream THE MISSION similarities with rainbow than with cutthroat trout. 4 oz.) The Apache trout was one of the first species to be “down-listed” from Endangered to Threatened after the re-evaluation of its population status. By the time the Apache trout was described in 1972, it had already undergone extensive declines from its historic status. The maximum reported weight for Apache trout is 2.4 kg (5 lbs. The Apache trout is able to reproduce with the rainbow trout, which was introduced to Arizona in 1898, and the cutthroat trout. Troutster Fly Fishing Youtube Channel. It is associated with freshwater habitat. However, fishing for Apache trout has become a lot more challenging as of late, due to a decrease in suitable habitat. Apache Trout Species Status Report . The Arizona State fish, the Apache Trout is one of the featured species at OydSea Aquarium's Rivers of the world exhibits. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. RANGE: Apache trout inhabit cold water streams on forest lands and reservation lands in the White Mountains of Arizona. Habitat degradation of the “yellow bellies” can mainly be attributed to timber harvest, livestock grazing, road construction, water diversions, dams and the introduction of non-native trout … Anglers can identify this species by its golden-yellow color and darker, evenly spaced spots that cover most of its body (with exception of the belly). The Apache trout measures in length from 6 to 24 inches (61 cm), and weighs between 6 ounces and 6 pounds (2.7 kg). The distribution of the Apache trout has been reduced to a fracti… It natively lives in clear, cool streams in the White Mountains that flow through coniferous forests and marshes, but has been introduced into several lakes in the area. In 2000, the U.S. Forest Service, in cooperation with the Arizona Game and Fish Department began the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process for implementing the remaining recovery actions that would lead to de-listing the Apache trout. Endangered Species Act. The Apache Trout (Oncorhynchus apache) is native to streams in the Black, White, and Little Colorado rivers in Arizona and is currently listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. SIZE: The common length for Apache trout is 25 cm (9.8 in) with the maximum reported length for Apache trout being 58 cm (22.8 in). This may mitigate for Apache trout habitat loss and may lead to an increase in the species' production. Ecology: . Cool Facts. 4 oz.). It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Diet: Apache Trout are primarily insectivores, feeding on both aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates.. Habitat and Range: Apache Trout require cold water with high dissolved oxygen content.They are found in the small, cold streams and in some lakes in the White Mountains of Arizona. Native trout define the West — there are at least 59 distinct species, subspecies, and populations of native western trout. Apache Trout has sexual reproduction. It has the largest dorsal fin of all western trout. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Distribution. Larger individuals live in pools. Apache trout became were listed as Endangered under the Federal Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966. More information: go.usa.gov/Ine. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The Apache trout inhabits small, cold, high gradient, fast-flowing mountain streams with boulders, rocks, and gravel substrates. Rainbow trout, also called redband trout, are gorgeous fish, with coloring and patterns that vary widely depending on habitat, age, and spawning condition. The Apache Trout was first listed as an Endangered Species on March 11, 1967 (32 FR 4001). Females excavate redds (nests) in the gravel. They are found in the cold river waters, tributaries, and lakes. Range and Habitat The original range of the Apache trout comprised an estimated 820 stream miles in the high-mountain watersheds of the Black, White, and Little Colorado Rivers above 5,900 feet in elevation in eastern Arizona. Apache Trout's native habitat are small cool water (< 25º C) creeks that are relatively unstable and occur, at the lowest, from 1,800 to 2,100 meters in elevation (Rinne and Minckley 1985, Behnke 2002, Arizona Game and Fish Department 2009). Apache trout normally spawn in early spring. Officials believed they were addressing the problem of over-fishing in Apache trout streams and did not realize these supplem… Facts Summary: The Apache Trout (Oncorhynchus apache) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "fishes" and found in the following area(s): Arizona. The Apache trout hybridize with these non-native trout resulting in altered genetics in the Apache trout … Apache Trout is the common name for Oncorhynchus apache. photo credit: White Mountain Apache Tribe These creeks usually occur in mixed conifer and ponderosa pine forest (Arizona Game and Fish Department 2009). However, fishing for Apache trout has become a lot more challenging as of late, due to a decrease in suitable habitat. There was adequate nursery habitat (and successful reproduction) on two creeks, but such habitat was lacking in the other three creeks, and no evidence of successful reproduction was found. Apache trout became one of the first species to be federally listed as endangered in 1969. Apache trout became federally protected with the passage of the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Location and Habitat Found only in White Mountain lakes and streams on forest and reservation lands. The Apache trout is the state fish of Arizona, and is one of only two species of trout native to that state, with the other being the gila trout (O. g. gilae). Generally, Apache trout mature by age 3. We built upon previous studies of Apache Trout habitat by defining both stream … Apache trout recovery program. Analyses of Apache trout habitat have historically focused on a few small stream reaches (Harper 1976, Wada 1991, Kitcheyan 1999), reflecting the We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. HABITAT: Apache trout inhabit clear, cool, mountain headwaters and creeks (generally above 2500 meters in elevation) and mountain lakes. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Apache Trout Habitat Requirements In-formation concerning specific stream habi-tat requirements for all life stages of Apache Trout is limited. Establishing and maintaining recovery streams for Apache Trout and other endemic species requires determination of their specific habitat requirements. These cookies do not store any personal information. DIET: Apache trout feed on aquatic and terrestrial insects and other invertebrates. The biggest threat to the Apache trout is overfishing, habitat degradation, wild fires, droughts and the introduction of non-native trout, especially Rainbow and Cutthroat trout in their natural habitat. Brown trout tend to grow most quickly in the productive rivers and streams towards the south of the British Isles. Habitat management techniques that shift stream conditions toward slower current velocities, larger widths, lower width: Depth ratios, more eddy flows, and increased cover (overhanging vegetation, debris, and boulders) should be implemented. These species is now found in the Upper Salt River and Little Colorado River systems in Arizona. The Department is increasing their efforts in stocking Apache trout in Arizona and has an active recovery and management plan in place. Sub-objectives were to: a) determine habitat used by Apache trout, b) determine if habitat use is correlated with time elapsed since fencing (i.e., as recovery increases), and c) determine if restored (fenced) areas contain more Apache trout habitat than what was available Individuals can grow to 32.0 cm. US Range of the Brook Trout Map – The Introduction of This Species into New Areas and Effects, Brook Trout World Record and Various State Records, Brown Trout vs Brook Trout – How To Tell The Difference, Peppers Ghost Story – Irish Legendary “Brown Trout”, Fishing For Big Cutthroat in Yellowstone Park, How To – High Stick Nymph Fishing With An Indicator + Video. Apache trout were first described as a full species Salmo apache in 1972 (Miller 1972), however, based on genetics it is now considered a subspecies of Gila Trout, Oncorhynchus gilae apache(Behnke 2002). Despite long isolation, Apache trout are quite similar to rainbow, brown, and brook trout in terms of thermal tolerance and habitat preferences. Populations have fluctuated over time, with declines caused by many factors including nonnative salmonid introductions, wildfire and post-fire impacts, and habitat degradation. Apache Trout evolved in streams primarily above 1,800 m elevation, within mixed conifer and ponderosa pine forests. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. 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