The Greeks consequently started losing battles and morale was getting lower and lower. He then claimed the throne of Mycenae and ruled hand to hand with Thyestes. Preparing for departure from Aulis, a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. When Paris of Troy took Helen back to Troy with him, Menelaus sought Agamemnon's help in retrieving her. Agamemnon (pronounced a-ga-mem'-non), was the leading king of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. Sometimes called a Trojan Woman, Chryseis would become a prize of Agamemnon, the Achaean leader, but subsequent events would cause a divide amongst the Greeks. Finally, Agamemnon made peace with Artemis, gathered his army, including two of the finest heroes Odysseus and Achilles, and set sail for Troy. Briseis Daughter of Briseus Start studying The Iliad. Agamemnon and the Trojan War The Trojan War is the legendary (and almost certainly mythical) conflict in which Agamemnon laid siege to Troy in an effort to retrieve Helen, his sister-in-law after she had been taken to Troy by Paris. The Chorus of old men briefly recounts the story of the Trojan War in all its fateful relations. The Iliad describes a conflict between Achilles and Agamemnon toward the end of the war. Trojan War and Orestes Mother. Agamemnon, who wanted to conqueror Troy, lead a coalition of Greek kingdoms to attack Troy. N.S. According to Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae, a kingdom of legendary Greece. Agamemnon is generally depicted wearing a diadem and holding a scepter which are among conventional attributes of kings. This is the Trojan War finally explained. He offended Artemis by killing one of her sacred animals and the angry goddess obstructed their departure from Boeotia. In his early life, there were plenty of things going wrong. Preparing to depart from Aulis, which was a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. After the Trojan War Agamemnon was killed by his wife Clytemnestra. When Helen of Sparta was abducted, Menelaus called upon his brother who became a leader of the Greeks in Trojan war that lasted for ten years. Together, they exiled Agamemnon and Menelaus from Mycenae. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War (Greek: Τρωικός Πόλεμος; Turkish: Truva Savaşı) was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. Misfortunes, including a plag… A great warrior, he sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia in order to obtain a favorable wind to carry the Greek fleet to Troy. Achilles, in Greek mythology, son of the mortal Peleus, king of the Myrmidons, and the Nereid, or sea nymph, Thetis. The war made him recognisable throughout historical and mythological recordings, even to this day. Greek soldiers were becoming more and more reluctant and, as a result of this, he had to sacrifice one of his daughters, called Iphigenia, to the angry goddess. Upon receiving word of this, Zeus and Poseidon, both of whom had previously tried to court Thetis, arranged for her to be married to a mortal man instead. There is a legend, which says that Agamemnon’s army had to face the anger of goddess Artemis while departing towards Troy from the port of Boeotia. Agamemnon, in Greek legend, king of Mycenae or Argos. The son of the water nymph, Thetis, and a mortal father, Achilles was famous as the greatest warrior among the Greeks. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. Menelaus, Helen's husband, is lost at sea, and so too is Odysseus, another Greek king whose wanderings Homer recounts in his Odyssey. And it happened to be king Agamemnon who led his people into battle. At the start of the play, he is returning victorious from the Trojan War. Though a formidable warrior, and the commander-in-chief of the Greek forces during the Trojan war… This was at least a third strike for Agamemnon as far as Clytemnestra was concerned. Agamemnon gathered the reluctant Greek forces to sail for Troy. Therefore, Aeschylus illustrates Clytemnestra’s suffering when her husband is at war, and then to add to that suffering, the sacrifice of her daughter, so she murders Agamemnon claiming it was justifiable in avenge for her daughter’s death and thinks that it helps put an end to her suffering. King Agamemnon, ruler of gold-rich Mycenae, at the onset of the Trojan War commanded the largest fleet ever to sail the Aegean sea. Agamemnon gathered the reluctant Greek forces to sail for Troy. He had to overcome his first obstacle while still in Greece. The king of Argos, and one of the commanders of the Greek fleet. His second strike was killing their daughter Iphigenia, and his third strike was flagrant disregard shown for Clytemnestra by parading another woman in her home. He became king of Mycenae by driving out his uncle, Thyestes, with the help of King Tyndareus of Sparta. Furthermore, not all of the citizens of Argos have supported his Trojan campaign. When Helen was abducted by the Trojan prince Paris, Agamemnon led the Greek expedition to Troy to take back his brother's wife. Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae or Argos, and a leader of the Greeks in the Trojan War.was the son of king Atreus and queen Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra and the father of Iphigenia, Electra or Laodiki (Λαοδίκη), Orestes and Chrysothemis.. History. According to Homer, Achilles was brought up by his mother at Phthia with his inseparable companion Patroclus. Preparing to depart from Aulis, which was a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. The slave Agamemnon has taken back to Argos as his prize for winning the Trojan War. greek-gods.org (c) Copyright 2013 - 2018, all rights reserved. It is said that her motives for the crime were jealousy of his new lover Cassandra and her wrath at the sacrifice of Iphigenia, as well as his departure to war over the Helen of Troy. It also marks an interesting parallel to the cause of the Trojan War itself: a dispute over Helen between Menelaus and Paris. Agamemnon took Cassandra, a daughter of Priam, a former king of Troy, as his reward and set sail back to Greece. Agamemnon's son Orestes took revenge by killing Clytemnestra, his mother. However, Atreus hadn't murdered all of his children, mostly because he didn't know about Aegisthus who was a son of Thyestes and Thyestes' daughter Pelopia. Agamemnon himself managed to survive but was murdered upon his arrival back to his homeland, by either his wife Clytemnestra whom he married while at Sparta or her lover who happened to be Aegisthus, the son of his uncle Thyestes who fathered him with his own daughter Pelopia. Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae and his brother Menelaus was the … He led the Greeks in the Trojan War and was murdered by Clytemnestra, his wife, upon his return from Troy. On his return home he was murdered by his wife and her lover. Preparing to depart from Aulis, a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. Meanwhile, his wife Clytemnestra was having an affair with no-one else but his foe Aegisthus. 10 years of fighting outside of Troy. Despite his heroics and great leadership, Agamemnon was a casualty of unfortunate events in his family which were based on treachery, rape, murder and incest. the family history. Pierre-Narcisse Guérin / Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons. Briseis was a local woman of great beauty whom Achilles took for himself, after clearing the village in the Trojan lands. It is said that repeating treachery through generations resulted in a wrath of Erinyes who tracked down these sinners with their hounds and drove them to insanity. Agamemnon was the King of Mycenae and leader of the Greek army in the Trojan War of Homer ’s Iliad. He agreed to join Agamemnon’s war of revenge against Troy, but when Agamemnon forced him to give up the slave woman he had won as a war prize, Achilles became so angry he refused to fight for months. The brothers took refuge at the place of Tyndareus, a king of Sparta, where they married the king's daughters Helen and Clytemnestra. Greek soldiers were becoming more and more reluctant and, as a result of this, he had to sacrifice one of his daughters, called Iphigenia, to the angry goddess. Trojan War Paris (aka Alexander) ‘steals’ Helen from Menelaus. He killed many Trojans until he was finally wounded and forced to withdraw to his camp. Agamemnon's murder is simply a part of the war… His father Atreus murdered the children of his twin brother Thyestes, after finding out his adultery with his wife Aerope. Chryseis is one of the female characters who appears during the events of the Trojan War in Greek mythology. Misfortunes, including a plagueand a lack o… However, later on, as you probably already know, Achilles returned to battle when his closest friend was killed and Agamemnon finally gave up on Briseis and returned her to him. Greek writers generally portray Agamemnon as courageous but also as arrogant and overly proud, flaws that sometimes cause him misfortune and eventually lead to his death. Possibly meaning "very steadfast" in Greek. When Agamemnon returned from Troy, he wasn't alone. 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