Descurainia sophia is a member of the family Brassicaceae. The stalk stubs remain when the cotyledons are shed. Seed buried in soil under sub-arctic conditions had 3% viability after 9.7 years. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Flowers mature quickly, the plant elongates, and seed pods (siliques) grow rapidly to 15-30 mm long but only .5-1 mm wide. Descurainia sophia is a Annual/Biennial up to 0.90 metres tall. Flixweed, Ting Li Zi (Descurainia Sophia) is a genus of herbaceous plants in the Brassicaceae family. It is well represented in western Asia and Europe. The seed can be ground into a powder, mixed with cornmeal and used to make bread, or as a thickening for soups etc[61. The stem is straight, branched, 10-80 cm tall, grayish, pubescent. The medicinal attributes and pharmacological activities especially ascribed to seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) are elaborated below. The juice of the plant has been used in the treatment of chronic coughs, hoarseness and ulcerated sore throats. CHANNEL Lung, Urinary Bladder FUNCTIONS 1. Geographic subdivisions for Descurainia sophia: CA : MAP CONTROLS 1. Flixweed is the common name of the plant descurainia sophia. We undertook this study to assess the epigenetic effects of ethanol extract of D. sophia seeds (DSE) in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mouse model of asthma. 41, No. 葶苈子 Tíng lì zǐ, 独行菜 Du xing cai Pepperweed seed, Woods Whitlow Grass Family: Cruciferae Tíng lì zǐ is also harvested from Draba nemorosa PART USED: Seed FLAVOR: Pungent, bitter. Recommended solution. Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds Bekker, N.; Ul’chenko, N.; Glushenkova, A. Temperature was recorded at a depth of 10 mm. Seed pods about 3/4 inch long, on stalks 1/4 inch long. Seed dispersal: Wind, water, machinery, and animals transport herb sophia seed, although most seed falls near the parent plant . Stem upper part commonly strongly haired, lower part stellate-haired. A new aryldihydronaphthoic acid, descuraic acid (1), was isolated from the seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. Diuretic, antiasthmatic and cardiotonic activities From our previous gene expression profiling of TRAIL-refractory A549 human lung cancer cells, we found that DR4 and DR5 expression was enhanced by treatment with the ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds (EEDS) . It is found in North Africa and practically throughout Eurasia. 4 Germination phenology (from August 1998 to 10 June 1999) of Descurainia sophia seeds collected at Vadstena on various dates in 1998. 3, 2005 N. P. Bekker, N. T. Ul′chenko, UDC 547.916 and A. I. Glushenkova Descurainia sophia L. (Cruciferae) is widely used in folk medicine. Download Citation | Descurainia sophia (L.): A weed with multiple medicinal uses | Descurainia sophia (L.) is a dicot annual weed, distributed in many countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and America. Descurainia sophia, commonly known as flixweed, is an annual (rarely biennial) pioneer herb that colonises disturbed sites and is adapted to growing in dry environments.It is also a crop pest and can facilitate the establishment of other introduced species. Flixweed is an annual, winter annual, or a biennial weed of crops. Pods slightly curved and very narrow. Gene expression profile of the A549 human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell line following treatment with the seeds of Descurainia sophia, a potential anticancer drug. It branches occasionally, and is more or less erect. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. Flixweed seeds: Iranian khakshir . In this study, we determined whether the EEDS-mediated upregulation of DR4 and DR5 translated to sensitization of A549 cells to TRAIL cytotox-icity. In woodland areas Descurainia sophia most often occurs as scattered single plants or in small groupings; in an open meadow it can spread into colonies of hundreds of plants. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Presented here is summary information about the species Descurainia sophia from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms). Latin synonym: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Mustard Family – Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Growing form: Annual herb. Abstract Three new sulphur glycosides, raphanuside B–D (1–3), together with a known sulphur glycoside, raphanuside (4) were isolated from the decoction of the seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl, and the compound 4 was reported for the first time from this plant. Seed banking: Herb sophia builds up a soil seed bank [2,5,39,149]. How to Identify Flixweed (Descurainia Sophia) This is Flixweed, a native of Eurasia that is an invasive weed in North America. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Distribution Its stem is erect, branched, and 4–30 in (10–76 cm) high. [PMC free article] seed. Latin name: Descurainia sophia Synonyms: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Flixweed : poultice of the plant has been used to ease the pain of toothache. Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard. Descurainia sophia is a member of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) family, which is cultivated throughout the world as a semiarid crop. Abstract Flixweed ( Descurainia sophia L.) and London rocket ( Sysyimbrium irio L.) seeds contain quite a number of nutraceuticals and are often used as herbal medicines. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. 2005-08-30 00:00:00 Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. In addition, in Iran, they are used to prepare a type of Persian refreshing drink (sharbat-e-khakeshir). Sisymbrium sophia L.. Flixweed (Descurainia sophia) Flixweed description. by treatment with the ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds (EEDS) [24]. (Sisymbrium Sophia) ... Flixweed seed can probably retain viability for long periods. Ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds sensitizes A549 human lung cancer cells to TRAIL cytotoxicity by upregulating death receptors. Seeds of Descurainia Sophia shatter in the field, consequently, soil is the main source of crop infestation with this weed. Descurainia sophia.- Southern Tíng lì zǐ. Annuals; eglandular; sparsely to densely pubescent, sometimes glabrous distally, trichomes dendritic.Stems erect, un-branched or branched distally, (1-)2-7(-10) dm. 3. 2013; 2013:584604. The mid-partition longitudinally 3-nerved. Orange seeds in one row of each side of the pod. Seeds recovered from house demolitions and dated at 20-30 years are reported to have germinated. FOR SALE! Flixweed originally grew in on the steppes of Western Asia but it 153816761893 Primary Disseminule Type. Kim BY, Lee J, Park SJ, Bang OS, Kim NS. Cotyledons (seed leaves) are hairless, lance to football shaped, and small, up to 1/3 of an inch (7 mm) long. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. It is a winter annual that blooms in the spring. Flixweed Descurainia sophia. Our data suggested that CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP), an endoplasmic Seeds 12-25 per cell, in 1 row, about 1 mm long. The first leaf pair often appear opposite to one another on the stem. The stems are greyish or bluish green and pubescent; sometimes the lower stem is nearly glabrous and light purplish green. Description (diagnostics are in brown). Height: 30–60 (12–24 in.) Jong-Shik Park, Chae Jun Lim, Ok-Sun Bang and; No Soo Kim; Abstract Background Our previous genome-wide gene expression analysis revealed that tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) death receptors 4 (DR4) and 5 (DR5) are … Title It reproduces by seeds.It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta. Fruits: pods, nearly erect, cylindrical, linear, 2-3 cm long, 1-1.5 mm broad, hardly constricted between seeds, rounded at the tip, the stigma nearly stalkless. FLIXWEED, DESCURAINIA SOPHIA 100 seeds - $1.30. Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names). Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (flixweed) is a member of family Brassicaceae, which is widely distributed in Asia, Europe, northern Africa, and North America. The ju Descurainia sophia seeds/plants for sale Flixweed Latin name: Descurainia sophia Synonyms: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Flixweed poultice of the plant has been used to ease the pain of toothache. cm. Valves 1-nerved their full length and often with less evident side nerves. Society; January 16, 2018 - 9:23. Its weed, known as khak-e shir or khakshir in Iran, is used with water as a drink, which is mostly used as thirst quencher in hot weather. Flixweed Descurainia sophia Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Description: This biennial or annual plant is ½–2½' tall. Descurainia sophia seeds are used in Iran to prevent asthma, relieve cough and chest 2. flixweed, tansy mustard. While wet, seeds are sliming, and sticking with mud to passing animals and vehicles; they can be disseminated by that way as well. Animals disperse tansymustard seeds when the mucilaginous seedcoat sticks to feathers or fur . The seeds of Descurainia sophia have been used as a TCM to relieve cough and asthma, promote urination, alleviate edema, and enhance cardiac function for a long time . Stands often become dense and crowded within a few post-disturbance years and which can increase … Descurainia sophia (L.) has multiple medicinal uses which have long been recognized by a system of Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM). Seeds are disseminated with water, wind, and manure. 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