(Scotland) Act 2000, The Northumberland Church of England Academy, "Knitting Circle 1989 Section 28 gleanings", "A reflection on HIV/AIDS research after 25 years", "Pneumocystis pneumonia—Los Angeles. [citation needed] The Scottish millionaire businessman Brian Souter privately funded a postal ballot as part of his Keep the Clause campaign, which returned an apparent 86% support for keeping the clause, from a response from slightly less than one third of the 3.9 million registered Scottish voters. In question was section 26 of the Constitution, which gave everyone the right of access to adequate housing, and section 28(1)(c), which afforded children the right to shelter. The narrowing amendment failed by a majority of 55 voting against it; and the Lords voted the clause through the following day by a majority of 80.[28][29]. [84], Margaret Thatcher Queen of Soho (2013), a drag comedy musical play, displays what life would have been like if Margaret Thatcher had got lost in Soho on the eve of the vote for Section 28. So the requirement was added as Section 2A of the 1986 Act. As a consequence of the DPP deciding that the Crown Prosecution Service could not prosecute the publishers of the Playbook for Kids about Sex, and the start of local government spending on support groups for LGBT people, papers and Conservative backbench members of Parliament became concerned that left-wing councils or schools would provide children with pro-homosexual material or commend homosexuality to children,[note 6] both described by parliamentarians backing the bill as morally wrong[note 7] but which could be carefully policed by judges in applying a narrow sense to the meaning of the word promote. October. The Equality Network led the campaign in favour of scrapping Section 28, while various groups campaigned against the repeal. Winston Payne and Yanni Yogi are born.. 1966 []. Greater London Council: 'Changing the World, "Baroness Knight: Parliament can't help blind people see, so can't help "artistic" gays get married", "PROHIBITION ON PROMOTING HOMOSEXUALITY BY TEACHING OR BY PUBLISHING MATERIAL", "Tony Benn: "Long before it was accepted I did support gay rights, Schools escape clause 28 in 'gay ban' fiasco, "Anti-gay legislation repealed in Scottish parliament - World Socialist Web Site", "Local Government Bill – Repeal of prohibition on promotion of homosexuality", "Homophobic Section 28 is scrapped at last – except in Kent! Earlier, Labour attempts to repeal Section 28 had been … Scotland abolishes Section 28. The main point of argument claimed by opponents of Section 28 was the complaint that it discriminated against homosexuals and bisexuals, and hence was an intolerant and unjust law. In 2013, the death of former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher prompted critical comment from many LGBT organisations and individuals such as Peter Tatchell about her legacy on gay rights, including Section 28. 1. 2.1 Permit Applications Timelines Service standards for Section 28 permit applications are specified by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF) in the “Policies and Procedures for Conservation Authority Plan Review and Permitting Activities (2010)”. [24] The government agreed to support the tabling of the amendment in exchange for Knight forgoing her place on the Health and Medicines Bill standing committee;[25] the amendment received the support of the Ministers for Local Government, Michael Howard and Michael Portillo. [76], In 2012, when the Conservative Party launched its consultation into legalising same-sex marriages, Harrow East MP Bob Blackman suggested that David Cameron should resurrect Section 28, stating that he strongly believed that "Section 28 was the right rules to have in school so that we should not promote in any way shape or form promote same-sex relationships" and said he would be "very opposed" to seeing teachers being forced to say same-sex relationships are equivalent to heterosexual relationships. "[51] After a backlash over the party leadership's attitude to gay rights, the Conservative Party allowed its MPs and peers a free vote on the repeal. This amendment to the Local Government Act was known as Section 28, or Clause 2a in Scotland. 1. After a c-section birth, you'll probably feel both euphoric about and overwhelmed by the new person in your arms, just like any new mother. [note 3], During the 1987 election campaign, the Conservative Party (under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher) issued attack posters claiming that the Labour Party wanted the book Young, Gay and Proud to be read in schools, as well as Police: Out of School, The Playbook for Kids about Sex,[note 4][18][19] and The Milkman's on his Way,[note 5] which, according to the Monday Club's Jill Knight MP – who introduced Section 28 and later campaigned against same-sex marriage[20] – were being taught to "little children as young as five and six", which contained "brightly coloured pictures of little stick men showed all about homosexuality and how it was done", and "explicitly described homosexual intercourse and, indeed, glorified it, encouraging youngsters to believe that it was better than any other sexual way of life".[21]. 1951 []. Section 28 of the Bill of Rights, entitled "Children", says: Every child has the right to - a name and a nationality from birth; family care or parental care, or to appropriate alternative care when removed from the family environment; basic nutrition, shelter, basic health care services and social services; [57] This was eventually quashed by the Equality Act 2010. Political parties that were opposed to Section 28 included the Labour Party, the Liberal Democrats and the Green Party. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. [5], The 1980s was the era in which HIV/AIDS was first reported. [74] The Labour Government were determined to repeal Section 28, and Cameron voted in favour of a Conservative amendment that retained certain aspects of the clause, which gay rights campaigners described as "Section 28 by the back door". One has only to look through the entire animal world to realise that it is abnormal. Next Lesson (2015) is a comedy drama written by Chris Woodley which explores Section 28 in a fictional South East London school from 1988 to 2006. For example, a number of lesbian, gay and bisexual student support groups in schools and colleges across Britain were closed owing to fears by council legal staff that they could breach the act. Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. As of November 20, 2020, there have been 308 cases confirmed in Newfoundland and Labrador, with 294 … However, Section 28 said this requirement should be added to Section 2 the earlier 1986 Local Government Act. I thought, rightly or wrongly, that there was a problem in those days. It meant that positive depictions of LGBT life were … Consultations on clearance applications under Section 28 of the Native Vegetation Act 1991 and Level 4 applications under the Native Vegetation Regulations 2017 run for 28 calendar days. The implementation of Section 28 meant that LGBT groups and clubs around the UK were forced to disband and LGBT-themed literature was off the shelves in libraries. July 2000 The Labour government introduces legislation to repeal Clause 28 in England and Wales; under a three-line whip, Conservative MPs oppose the move. Show Geographical Extent (e.g. 2. After Section 28 was passed, there was some debate as to whether it actually applied in schools or whether it applied only to local authorities. Michael Colvin MP thus on 8 March asked whether the minister, Christopher Chope, would discuss with the Association of London Authorities the level of expenditure by local authorities in London on support for gay and lesbian groups to which he replied: No. If any person, to the defrauding of creditors or without full valuable consideration, obtains, receives or holds any real or personal estate of a deceased person or effects the release of any debt or liability due to the estate of the deceased, he shall be … The SDP peer Viscount Falkland with Lord Henderson of Brompton proposed another compromise amendment, the so-called "Arts Council" amendment, and remarked "There is a suggestion in the clause that in no way can a homosexual have a loving, caring or responsible relationship". References. Robert Hammond is born.. 1970 []. Nonetheless the Bill passed second reading in the Lords before going to a whole house committee.[27]. 2. May 2000 A private poll, paid for by Keep the Clause, finds 87% of Scots in favour of keeping Clause 28. Family values. A National Union of Teachers (NUT) statement remarked that "While Section 28 applies to local authorities and not to schools, many teachers believe, albeit wrongly, that it imposes constraints in respect of the advice and counselling they give to pupils. I think that Clause 28 will help outlaw it and the rest will be done by AIDS, with a substantial number of homosexuals dying of AIDS. [33] Schools Out was formed in 1974 (as The Gay Teachers Association)[40] and campaigned against the act, as well as supporting teachers on how to counter homophobia in schools. It was produced in December 2013 by Jon Brittain, Aine Flanagan, Matt Tedford at Theatre503 in London.[85]. In that debate Lord Boyd-Carpenter cited a book display, and proposals for "gay books" to be present in a children's home and a gay pride week to be permissible in schools by named London councils. "[62] In the House of Lords, the campaign against the repeal of Section 28 was led by Baroness Young. [11] Section 28 does not provide a timeline in which a comprehensive valuation has to be performed, instead if the underlying assumptions have not changed significantly, then adjusting employee demographics may be sufficient. 2000 Legislation is introduced to repeal Section 28 in England and Wales. Every local education authority was expected to frame policies for the school curriculum consistent with the government's 'recommended approach' (DES 1981a:5) which required teaching of only heterosexual intercourse in schools. [52] The amendment was supported by the government and was passed by the Commons in March, by 368 to 76. [80], Academies and the Department for Education came under greater scrutiny in August 2013, when LGBT activists, in co-ordination with the British Humanist Association (BHA), identified over forty schools whose policies either replicated the language of Section 28 in their sex and relationship education (SRE) policies or were "unhelpfully vague" on the issue. [36] In response to these criticisms, supporters of the bill claimed that the NUT and Department of Education were mistaken, and the section did affect schools. May 1997 Labour wins the general election promising anti-discrimination legislation, but fails to make any specific mention of Clause 28. Sec. Section 28 was an offensive piece of legislation designed to prevent the so-called 'promotion' of homosexuality in schools; as well as stigmatising lesbian, gay and bi people, it … Following the legalisation of homosexuality proposals for Scotland (added as an amendment to the 1980 criminal justice bill by Labour MP Robin Cook), guidance was published indicating that schools should not teach homosexuality as part of sex education lessons. The remaining provisions of said section 83 are the basis of section 1448 of this … 11 — In the United States, National Coming Out Day is founded. Proponents pointed to various polls in an attempt to demonstrate that public opinion favoured keeping Section 28. 28 Liability of person fraudulently obtaining or retaining estate of deceased. On being tabled, a compromise amendment was introduced by Simon Hughes on 8 December 1987 that was debated in the House on 15 December 1987 and which was defeated by a majority of 87,[23] and the bill was approved on its first Commons debate that day. The claim that Section 28 was a law which gave an impression to the public that the government sanctioned homophobia. Zinc Lablanc II is born.. 1964 []. Section consolidates portions of sections 74, 75, and 76 with section 72 of title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., with important changes of substance and phraseology. [22] A final factor was the tone taken by activist groups such as the Gay Liberation Front, cited by Jill Knight, who in 1999 spoke about the perceived purpose of Section 28: Why did I bother to go on with it and run such a dangerous gauntlet? The Conservative Party, despite dissent within its ranks on the issue, whipped its members in support of Section 28 in 2000, but in 2003, after further dissent from within the party, allowed a free vote. The bill successfully passed the House of Lords and Conservative MP Dame Jill Knight had the bill pass the first stage in the Commons. [3] [37], The introduction of Section 28 served to galvanise the disparate British gay rights movement into action. In 1986 Lord Halsbury first tabled the Local Government Act 1986 (Amendment) Bill,[23] whose long title was An act to refrain local authorities from promoting homosexuality, in the House of Lords, drafted for him by Lord Campbell of Alloway. However, in June 2009, Cameron, then-Leader of the Conservative Party, formally apologised for his party's introduction of the law, stating that it was a mistake and had been offensive to gay people. The effect of Section 28, therefore, is to inhibit anti discrimination initiatives and make it difficult for schools to prevent or address the serious problems that arise from homophobic bullying". It was no longer relevant due to the Learning and Skills Act 2000 and the Education Act 1996. That was the motivation for what was going on, and was precisely what Section 28 stopped.[21]. To mark the thirty-year anniversary of Section 28 a new production was staged at Above The Stag Theatre London in August 2018. "Section 28 was a pernicious piece of legislation, deliberately framed to stigmatise a minority group," he said. The idea that homosexuality could be "promoted" implied that homosexuality was a choice which people could be persuaded to make, in contrast to the Section's opponents' view that homosexuality is biologically determined. In response to a further amendment tabled by Conservative MPs, that would have sent the matter to local referendums throughout the country, Edward Davey said "In a liberal democracy, the need to protect minorities properly sometimes means that protection cannot be achieved through the ballot box and that some things are not appropriate for a vote. [6] The first recorded victims of the disease were a group of gay men,[7] and the disease became associated in the media, and at first in medical circles, with gay and bisexual men in particular. That problem simply doesn't exist now. Perhaps the most famous act of opposition to Section 28 came when Shaun Woodward, a Conservative MP with a transgender sister, defected from the Conservative Party and his seat and joined the ruling Labour Party in opposition to the Conservatives' continued support of Section 28. On the 50th anniversary of the Sexual Offences Act, a timeline of 2,000 years of gay rights history. [53] With organised opposition in the Lords weakened by the death of Baroness Young, peers finally voted in favour of repeal by 180 to 130 in July.[54]. The bill was read a first time in the Lords two days later.[26]. [47], In the Scottish Parliament, the repeal process was more successful. The band Chumbawamba recorded a single entitled "Smash Clause 28! 2001: UK Government lifts ban on lesbians, gay and bisexual people serving in arme… In an interview with gay magazine Attitude at the time of the 2005 general election, Michael Howard, then-Leader of the Conservative Party, commented: "[Section 28] was brought in to deal with what was seen to be a specific problem at the time. In Scotland the most visible supporters of Section 28 were Brian Souter and the Daily Record newspaper. [40] Many other groups not directly associated with LGBT rights also wanted the legislation removed, such as Gingerbread (a charity for single mothers), the Family Planning Association and the Terrence Higgins Trust. The legislation was also opposed by some religious groups and leaders, such as Richard Harries, Bishop of Oxford. [43] (In 2013, after he became Prime Minister, his government passed the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013, legalising gay marriage in England and Wales.) Im really enjoying your work.Im especially looking forward to the peroid between 28 Days and 28 … January 2003 The government backs another attempt to repeal the "unnecessary and undesirable" measure. 1981", "HIV-related stigma and knowledge in the United States: prevalence and trends, 1991–1999", "LGBT History: Real problems for real people", "Solidarity and Sexuality: Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners 1984–5", "1985. Repealing Section 28 would send a "powerful message, which I hope will be echoed tonight and listened to very carefully in the Lords" he said. Section consolidates procedural provisions of sections 71, 72, 74, 76, 80, 81 and 83 of title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., with important changes in substance and phraseology. [37], In 2009, David Cameron, then leader of the Conservative Party, apologised for his party supporting the law. Table of contents The table of contents for this Act is as follows: Sec. A spectrum of literature across the ages was cited (in support of these compromise amendments) by Lord Peston. It explained how local authorities must not ‘promote homosexuality’. It remains in place in England and Wales. The major point of it was to protect children in schools from having homosexuality thrust upon them". Section 28.5, "Adding Interactive Features to Timelines" 28.1 Introduction to the Timeline Component A timeline is an interactive data visualization tool that allows users to view events in chronological order and easily navigate forwards and backwards within a defined time range. This all happened after pressure from the Gay Liberation Front. "Stonewall has worked long and hard to have this deeply offensive law overturned, and we are delighted that it has finally passed away." A staged reading was also performed in The House of Lords by The BRIT School in June 2018. The attention to this, and the alliances between LGBT and labour unions (including the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM)) – formed by activist groups such as Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners and Lesbians Against Pit Closures – led to the adoption at the Labour Party Annual Conference in 1985 of a resolution to criminalise discrimination against lesbian, gay and bisexual people. 603 CMR 28.00 Special Education. [2] It was repealed on 21 June 2000 in Scotland by the Ethical Standards in Public Life etc. [12] About ten of the 32 local authorities in London, most prominently Islington and Haringey were also funding gay groups at that time, one report estimating that these boroughs and the GLC together donated more than £600,000 to gay projects and groups during 1984. Whilst head teachers and Boards of Governors were specifically exempt, schools and teachers became confused as to what was actually permitted and tended to err on the side of caution. Changes to Legislation. DIVISION A—Keeping Workers Paid and Employed, Health Care System … Fight the Alton Bill!" It's not a problem, so the law shouldn't be hanging around on the statute book". Its provisions were not reintroduced by the government on its re-election. The bill is defeated by bishops and Tories in the Lords. Section 28 was supported by religious groups such as the Salvation Army,[58] the Christian Institute,[59] Christian Action Research and Education,[60][61] the Muslim Council of Britain, the Pentecostal British Union (a group of conservative Pentecostal churches the majority of them Black churches) and groups within the Catholic Church and the Church of England. Table of contents. ", "Queer Youth Forum citing from Gay Times UK", "Salvation Army Letter to Scottish Parliament", "Right-wing Christian group pays for Commons researchers", https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00mpmm4, "Public Attitudes (In Scotland) To Section 28", The Local Government Bill [HL]: the 'Section 28' debate [Bill 87 of 1999–2000], "Blather: The Alan Moore Interview: Brought to Light - deep politics / AARGH", "Channel 4 - News - Dispatches - Cameron: Toff At The Top", "David Cameron apologises to gay people for section 28", https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/oct/04/conservatives2006.conservatives1, "Teaching about gay equality should be 'embedded' in schooling, says David Cameron", "Tory MP Bob Blackman: Cameron should be re-introducing Section 28 not letting gays marry", "Parliament told to make 'new Section 28' to prevent kids learning about trans people", "Free schools and academies must promote marriage", "The return of Section 28: Schools and academies practising homophobic", "BHA identifies 45 schools that continue to have section 28-like policies", "Tasker Milward section 28 investigation - Wales Online", "UK Government: No schools should be reintroducing Section 28", "Margaret Thatcher Queen of Soho - Theatre503 Margaret Thatcher Queen of Soho - Book online or call the box office 020 7978 7040", "USSU National Policy Issues (28 January 1988)", "National Union of Teachers (5 April 2003)", "The Sunday Times (London) (29 May 1988)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Section_28&oldid=991720250, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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